The Chrysanthemums Flower

Chrysanthemums Flower

The chrysanthemum flower, which is more commonly known as mums or chrysanths, belongs to the genus Chrysanthemum and the family Asteraceae.

This genus consists of approximately 30 different species of perennial flowering plants that are native to Asian and Northeastern Europe.

 Scientific Name

The word “chrysanthemum” itself comes from the Greek words χρυσός (khrusos, “gold”) and νθεμον (anthemon, “flower”).

 Geographic Origin

The first chrysanthemum seeds were cultivated in China in the fifteenth century BC. A city was then named after them (Ju-Xian, “chrysanthemum city”). Eventually chrysanthemum parthemiums became especially significant during the Double Ninth Festival.

In the eighth century CE chrysanthemums were brought to Japan where the emperor adopted these flowers as his official seal. Today there is a “Festival of Happiness” celebrating the flower.

Finally the chrysanthemum made its way to Europe in the seventeenth century. This is where Linnaeus gave it its Greek name, which stuck with it today.

 Description and Characteristics

Chrysanthemums were originally a small yellow flower. There are now several chrysanthemum varieties available. As such there has gone from being 35 varieties to more than 3,000 now. These are annual and perennial herbs that are a member of the daisy flower (compositae).

They have red, white and yellow blossoms (ranging from daisylike to shaggy in appearance) in the late summer or fall. The Chinese varieties are the tallest (reaching 4 foot tall or more) and the Indian varieties (pompon) have the smallest flowers.


Some European countries, as well as China, Japan and Korea use chrysanthemums to symbolize death. Therefore, they are only used at funerals or placed on graves. On the other hand, places like the United States consider this to be a positive, cheery flower.

Cultivation and Care

Whenever you are ready to plant chrysanthemum greens you will want to take the following steps:

Once your chrysanthemums have grown, you should follow these chrysanthemum care tips:

 Diseases and Pests

There is a whole list of diseases that your chrysanthemums may succumb to, such as:

Beware Of Pests

Some of the pests that you need to be on the lookout for with chrysanthemums include:


There are a lot of different uses for chrysanthemums today. These include:


Click thumbnails to see pictures:

Chrysanthemums Flower Chrysanthemums Flower Chrysanthemums Flowers